January’s birthstone is garnet. Most commonly seen in a vibrant red color, garnet is very diverse and comes in many colors including green, yellow, orange, purple and even some that appear to change color depending on lighting. Garnet is the gem for a 2nd wedding anniversary gift.
February birthstone Amethyst is the purple variety of quartz and can range in hue from deep violet to a light lilac hue. The name is Greek in origin and was believed by the Greeks to prevent its wearer from drunkenness. It often represents balance, peace and stability. Amethyst is the gem for a 6th wedding anniversary gift.
March: Aquamarine & Bloodstone
March has two birthstones, aquamarine and bloodstone. While they differ greatly in appearance, both are believed to provide protection and good health. Aquamarine’s blue hue is light in tone and very impressive at large sizes. Bloodstone is dark-green and characterized by red inclusions of iron oxide.
April birthdays are lucky enough to have diamond as their birthstone. Diamond is the hardest gemstone, with a rating of 10 on the Mohs hardness scale, and fittingly symbolizes strength and clarity, as well as healing and eternal love. Diamond is also the gift for a 10th, 60th or 75th wedding anniversary.
Emerald is May’s birthstone and just like the spring season, this gemstone represents birth and renewal. Emerald is a variety of beryl and is characterized by a bluish green to green hue. Emerald is the gift for a 20th or 30th wedding anniversary.
June: Pearl, Alexandrite and Moonstone
June birthdays are lucky enough to have three birthstone options. Pearls are organic gemstones created by saltwater or freshwater mollusks (oysters and mussels) and can be found naturally or cultured. Alexandrite is a fascinating gemstone that can change color appearance from vivid green to bluish green or red to purplish red depending on lighting. Moonstone exhibits adularescence, the term for its shimmering glow similar to that of moonlight. Pearl is the gem for 3rd and 30th anniversaries. Alexandrite is the gem for a 55th wedding anniversary.
Ruby is the birthstone of July and its red color is the color of love and passion. Ruby is a variety of corundum and obtains its coveted red color from trace amounts of chromium. Ruby is second in hardness only to diamond, and therefore makes an excellent lasting gift perfect for birthstone jewelry, or a 15th or 40th wedding anniversary.
Peridot is the birthstone of August and is a variety of the mineral olivine. Peridot is yellowish green to greenish yellow in hue and is subsequently mistaken for emerald and topaz. Peridot is the gem for a 16th wedding anniversary gift.
Sapphire is September’s birthstone and is often associated with romance, loyalty, fidelity and royalty. Sapphire is the blue variety of corundum, of which ruby is the red variety. Second in hardness only to diamond, sapphires are an excellent choice for use in daily-wear jewelry. Sapphire is the gem gift for 5th and 45th wedding anniversaries.
October: Opal & Tourmaline
Opal and tourmaline are the birthstones for October. Both gems are found in a wide variety of colors. Opal exhibits every color of the rainbow due to a phenomenon called play of color, often against a light or dark background. Fire opal, conversely, have a yellow, orange or red background color and often do not exhibit play of color. Tourmaline comes in many colors including pink, red (rubellite), green and the vivid neon blue to green Paraíba tourmaline. Tourmaline is the gem for 8th wedding anniversary.
November: Citrine & Topaz
Citrine and topaz are November’s birthstones. Citrine is the yellow to brownish orange variety of quartz and is also the gem gift for a 13th wedding anniversary. Topaz is found in a wide range of colors from colorless to pink, purple, blue, and the reddish orange color most associated with November, also known as Imperial Topaz. Imperial Topeaz is the gem for a 23rd wedding anniversary.
December: Blue Topaz, Zircon, Turquoise and Tanzanite
Blue is the overall color for December birthstones, though, zircon is available in a wide array of colors. Turquoise is the ancient December birthstone. Blue topaz is among the more affordable options. Tanzanite is among the newest gemstones, discovered in the 1960s in Tanzania, it is coveted for its deep, saturated blue to violet color. Turquoise is the gem for an 11th wedding anniversary. Blue topaz is the gem for a 4th wedding anniversary. Tanzanite is the gem for a 24th wedding anniversary.